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Fresh Water Fresh clean water is essential to the health of Planet Earth. All mammals and humans need clean water to ensure their daily survival. Yet in this day and age over one billion people do not have access to fresh clean potable water. 

Even though Planet Earth is a blue planet most of the water contained within it is unusable. The seas and oceans which hold most of the planets’ water are saline and cannot be used untreated by humans. Fresh Clean Water 

There is a vast difference between water rich and water poor countries in terms of economic and social society. Water rich countries produce an excess of staple crops enabling them to feed their populations while generating revenue by selling the excess produce on the open markets of the world. Water poor countries efforts in husbandry often fail due to droughts or having rain fall at the wrong time in the growth cycle of the crop. 

Drought and floods often seem to follow each other leaving the governments of these water poor countries with no choice but to import the majority of their food requirements, or let their population go hungry. Water poor countries also tend to have lower literacy rates than their water rich cousins, and tend to fall behind on health and other important life issues. 

Industry needs Clean Water Industry can also affected by the lack of clean water. Most industries need a supply of fresh water to produce their goods while High tech companies are intensive users of clean water to produce electronic chips and components. 

Child mortality rates seem to go hand in hand with the restricted access to fresh water. Most water poor countries are found in Africa and the Middle East but countries with high population growth such as India, China and Indonesia are also finding it difficult to supply all their people with fresh clean water. Countries such as Sudan, and Ethiopia, often do not see natural rain fall for years. 

Solving the pressing problems of the lack of fresh clean water is both difficult, essential and must be applied on a global scale

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 Why People of Planet Earth Must Go Green! 

Up to the beginning of the 18th Century Planet Earth was more or less in balance as far as population and population growth was concerned. Disease, famine and localized wars all played their part in ensuring a stable sustainable population. 

The earths precious resources were also being used at a sustainable level. Diseases such as Cholera, Typhus, and Plagues caused by unsanitary conditions and polluted water all helped to control the population, as did the cycle of droughts and famines. Pandemics also killed a large number of the population. 

Some years crop production was good, other years bad. Food production was at the mercy of Mother Nature and only locally produced fertilizer (night soil) was available for use on the land. Plant diseases, and uncontrolled pests also played their part in controlling growth and production. 

Local wars, often fought in a single hour or day by armies of up to 10,000 people also acted as a brake on the population. 

Dying of treatable medical complications such as appendicitis, tonsillitis, ruptures, ulcers, and amputations was normal in remote villages. Infant mortality and deaths at birth of both the baby and mother were not uncommon. 

Life in those days was much less complicated than today. Villages looked after the welfare of one another, they had to cooperate or die! Strangers were treated with healthy suspicion and isolation between villages was normal especially during the Dark Ages. 

Local Industry Manufacturing of goods, production of food supplies, rearing and slaughtering of cattle was all carried out for local village consumption, with what little excess being taken to the local small town to sell, or more commonly, barter at the weekly market. Blacksmiths, Weavers, Farmers, Potters, Midwifes, Herbalists, Fletchers (arrow makers) were all trades that were to be found in a typical village. 

It was not uncommon for each household to have a small plot of land for rearing chickens, pigs and growing vegetables. Village life was very hard and in a way a survival lottery, but it was sustainable, with very little of Planet Earth's natural resources being depleted. The average Village had an almost zero carbon footprint. 

Start of the Industrial Revolution 

What changed all this was the arrival of the industrial revolution. The building of factories for the mass production of textiles and metal goods all played their part in localizing masses of workers to work in the mills and factories. This concentration of the masses created large towns and cities that required feeding, clothing and medical facilities! The rot had started. 

With the people of the new towns and cities needing food, and no way of growing their own produce, fertilizers were developed to help farmers to produce more food on the same area of land to feed the growing population of the cities. It is also interesting to note that there was not a population explosion at this time. 

The real driving force behind the rapid development in agriculture, manufacturing, medicine, and technology was the two World Wars. 

The First World War improved agricultural techniques, basic manufacturing of textiles, metal products, medical procedures and medicines. It also virtually wiped out the flower of European manhood in the trenches of Belgium and France. The population of Europe was not going to increase drastically anytime soon. 

The Second World War saw a quantum leap in technology such as ships, aircraft, armaments, communications, radar, medicine, rockets and of course nuclear physics. Again the Second World War killed far more people World Wide than was being born so even though WWII increased all aspects of technological ability it actually helped to stabilize the world's population. 

The Arrival of Consumerism 

It was the arrival of the sixties and the Baby Boomer period that started our planet on an unchangeable course of population explosion. Life was good! Communications between nations and people became easier, information on all aspects of life was shared worldwide whether voluntary or not. Life became good. Better life meant more babies, better medicine meant more babies survived, infant mortality plunged people lived longer and became healthier. 

Driven by slick advertising the people began to demand a better life and and consume more! Consumerism was born. It was the creation of consumerism during the fifties and sixties coupled with accelerated population growth that is largely to blame for the situation the Planet Earth is in today. 

To control effectively the depletion of the planets natural resources we have to control consumerism and to direct it onto a more sustainable path. Population growth is also a problem but one that mother nature appears to be working on. Curse of over Population The population of the developed western world and some highly developed Asian countries is in fact decreasing. More people are dying than are being born. There are more old people than young! The reproduction rate is falling rapidly in developed countries and is slowing in undeveloped countries. 

This fact alone will put a financial strain on countries in general. The cost of supporting an aging population may become prohibitive. Of the large Asian population countries China's far sighted one child policy is working with the population of China set to stabilize around 1.4 Billion people, and then slowly decrease. 

India even though it has an exploding population, the ratio of girls to boys is dropping rapidly due to the undesirability of girl babies. This will slow the growth of the Indian population over the next generation or two. Despite all this, the total population of Planet Earth is estimated to grow to 9 Billion people by 2050. 

This figure is definitely towards the upper limit that the present economic, fresh water supply and food system Planet Earth can support. If nothing is done about this exploding population then Planet Earth's resources will continue to be deleted at an alarming rate. We must go green! Water wars and food wars will become common with any land that supports growth at a premium! 


The saving grace in all this, is that when the present old political leadership of the world retires it will be replaced by a younger, more sustainable energy savvy political leadership, which hopefully will ignore big business short sightedness and work towards a more sustainable future, in both energy and recourses. We really have no choice in this if Planet Earth hopes to survive in the future. At the moment this planet is our one and only lifeboat and will continue to be for the future.

Organic gardening is a satisfying and cost efficient way of placing good wholesome food in front of your family. 
Growing food organically means that there are no pesticides, fertilizers or any other man made chemicals spread on or introduced to the crops as they are growing. 
The food that is harvested is both clean and wholesome. Previous to the twentieth and twenty first century organically grown food was both common and plentiful. 
Home owners and tenants often had access to parcels of land on which they grew food, kept chickens and other livestock.
This husbandry was essential to life and kept the family fed for an entire year. 
Supermarkets in those days were not even invented. 
The pace of organic food production managed to keep pace with population growth. 
No one really went hungry. 
It was the advent of the industrial revolution and the creation of large towns and cities that food demand began to out strip the organically grown food supply. 
Inorganic farming became the norm. The same areas of land available for crop growing now had to become more productive. 
Fertilizers were created that could increase crop yields tenfold. Pesticides that helped to control food pests were freely spread on the growing crops. 
Pesticides enabled the farmer to further increase his crop yield per acre. 
The age of inorganic factory farming had arrived. 
As people became more educated, wealthy and health conscious, the demand for organic produce began to increase. This led to supermarkets and other retail outlets stocking more organic produce. Shops dedicated only to organic produce mushroomed (pun intended). Suddenly organic produce became the ‘in thing’. 
People if they could not buy organic produce wanted to grow their own vegetables. Which brings us to the question of how to create an organic garden? 
Anybody can grow organic vegetables Even if you live in high rise apartments all you need is a window box and access to some sun during the day. 
The best vegetables to start with are the salad bowl variety. Lettuces, small Bush Tomatoes, Radishes, Spring Onions, Carrots and Cucumbers are all suitable for growing in organic window boxes. 
There are many varieties of herbs that are also perfect for window box cultivation. Chilies and bell peppers can also be a welcome addition to the window box. Growing aromatic herbs such as Basil, Mint, or Thyme creates a beautiful scented room. 

Window Boxes 
Buy the largest window box that you have space for. Also check to see it has an inner tray to catch any water. 
Make sure that it is raised of off of the ground or window ledge. 
I prefer using house bricks to support the window box. The house bricks raise the window box just enough so that it is easy to clean under and around it. 
Visit your local garden nursery and buy soil and seeds that are organically certified. Fill the window box up to the top then sprinkle with clean water and leave for at least two days before planting your veggies. 
After a short period you will be rewarded with the sight of small shoots appearing out of the soil. There is nothing more satisfying than being able to make salads from your very own organic garden. You will save yourself money and be happy in the knowledge that you are providing your family with good clean wholesome produce from your very own organic garden.

Lake Toba Sumatra Indonesia A Cool Green Paradise Born out of Volcanic Fire. About 75,000 years ago Planet Earth suffered its most cataclysmic event ever! This event was more colossal than the meteor that eradicated the Dinosaurs, the volcanic eruption that destroyed the Minoan civilization, and the huge volcanic event that created America’s Yellowstone Park. 

This earth shattering event was a gigantic volcanic explosion on the island of Sumatra, the world’s third largest island after Borneo and Greenland. This devastating volcanic explosion blasted many trillion tons of ash into the earth’s atmosphere creating a huge blanket of ejecta that prevented sunlight reaching the surface of the earth for at least 3-5 years. This created a mini ice age. The Toba event changed the course of Planet Earth forever. 

One of the far reaching effects of the explosion was to reduce the human race to just a few thousand people. This in effect created a bottleneck in the genetic development of the human race. Many species of plants, birds and animals were also totally eradicated at this time. When all the excitement created by the Toba event died down the island of Sumatra was left with a beautiful natural lake. Lake Toba’s caldera is over 300km in circumference with the rim possessing mountains of up to 2000 meters in height. 

The lake that was formed in the caldera is the world’s largest and deepest Crater Lake at approximately 75km by 18,5km. The maximum depth of the lake is “sounded out” at 505 meters. The lake is situated 900 meters above sea level. In the centre of the lake is the beautiful island of Samosir. 

Samosir Island was created by a secondary eruption some 75,000 years after the main event. Samosir Island has roughly the same land area as modern Singapore at around 630km2 The lush green island of Samosir rises from the lake, with flat fertile lowlands before meeting a vertical escarpment that rises some 300 meters (1,000ft) to the plateau above. 

The Plateau of Samosir is fairly flat with little vegetation. In the centre of the plateau is a small lake called “Sidihoni” This Lake is said by the local Batak population to have magical mystical powers. Samosir is not a “true Island” as it was connected to the mainland at Pangururan, in the west of Samosir, by a short land bridge (isthmus). This land bridge has now been breached to allow navigation to pass. 

Lake Toba creates its own unique micro climate. The weather at the rim can be hot and sunny, while low cloud and mist hugs the escarpment of Samosir Island. The usual weather conditions at the lake are cool, cloudy days with sometimes a light refreshing rain; this provides a very welcome change to the suffocating heat and humidity found in the rest of Asia. After heavy rains, water can often be seen cascading off of the escarpment in spectacular water falls.

The island of Samosir and in particular its peninsular Tuktuk has been a tourist destination for the last 35 years or so, mainly catering to backpacking budget travelers. However, Tuktuk now tends to welcome well-heeled locals from Medan and farther afield. Apart from tourism; aquaculture, agriculture, and animal husbandry also are practised on, and around the shores of the beautiful lake. Samosir is most certainly a verdant paradise forged from volcanic fire, and many travelers arriving to spend a few days just to chill out often end up staying much longer